In 1998, the first 2-qubit computer was demonstrated. In January 2019, IBM released a commercially usable quantum computer called System One that was based on 20 qubits. By November 2021, IBM released a 127-qubit computer called Eagle, the first attempt to break the 100-qubit barrier was in November 2022. IBM unveiled the Osprey in November 2022, based on 433 qubits. In October 2023, Atom Computing leapfrogged over IBM with its 1180-qubit quantum rendition but with a twist: Atom’s version runs at room temperature. Note in the video below that Atom sees its technology scaling to “tens of thousands of qubits & beyond.”
In terms of processing power, we can compare it with what we know today: bits vs. qubits. A “byte” has 8-bits. A megabyte has 1,000,000 bytes. A gigabyte is 1,000 megabytes. A terabyte is 1,000 gigabytes or roughly 1 trillion bytes. So, if you have one of those modern stone-age marvels that sports 64MB of RAM and 1TB of disk space, you will get the picture here…
Time Magazine wrote this in January 2023:
In November, IBM unveiled its new 433-qubit Osprey chip—the world’s most powerful quantum processor, the speed of which, if represented in traditional bits, would far exceed the total number of atoms in the known universe.
What? Further, the director of research at IBM added, “We now have a way to engineer machines that will have tens of thousands of qubits.”
God help us!
This technology is orders of magnitude larger than the atomic bomb. The end of the Internet as we know it today, is over. Privacy is over. When AI gets scaled into oblivion on quantum computers, reality will be over. Indeed, EVERYTHING could be over.
Technocrats build things because they can, not because their is a demonstrated need to do so. Now they are on a trajectory to literally destroy the world.
See the freight train a-comin’. You ain’t seen nothin’ yet. ⁃ TN Editor
The world’s first quantum computer to exceed 1000 qubits has more than double that of the previous record holder, IBM’s Osprey machine, which has 433 qubits. Though having more qubits doesn’t necessarily mean better performance, large numbers of them will be needed for future error-free quantum computers that are useful, unlike today’s noise-filled research machines.
The largest quantum computers, such as those from IBM and Google, use superconducting wires cooled to extremely low temperatures for their quantum bits, or qubits. But the record-breaking machine from California-based start-up Atom Computing, which has 1180 qubits, uses neutral atoms trapped by lasers in a 2-dimensional grid.
One advantage of this design is that it is easy to scale up the system and add many more qubits into the grid, says Rob Hays, CEO of Atom Computing. Any useful quantum computer in the future that is free of errors, a feature called fault tolerance, will need at least tens of thousands of dedicated error-correcting qubits working alongside the programmable qubits, he says.
“If we’re only going to scale by dozens of qubits, like most of the trapped ion and superconducting systems have been scaling up until now, it’s going to take a very long time to get to the fault tolerant era,” says Hays. “With the neutral atom approach and the speed of scaling that we have, we will be able to get there much more quickly.” Hays says the team aims to multiply the amount of qubits in the machine by around 10 every couple of years or so.
Unlike conventional computing bits, which can have a value of 1 or 0 and are largely interchangeable, qubits are more varied, having a range of different properties depending on how they are made.Neutral atom qubits lend themselves better to quantum entanglement, a strange quantum effect where qubits are linked so that measuring a property of one qubit reveals that of the other. They are also more stable, with qubits in Atom Computing’s machine keeping their quantum state from collapsing – a feature called fault tolerance, which is essential for error correction – for almost a minute. IBM’s Osprey, for example, has coherence times of around 70 to 80 microseconds.