Secessions Since the US in 1776

Here are 116 secessions since the US seceded from the United Kingdom in 1776. The desire for states of the United States seceding is growing in popularity of late. The two times I raised the possibility of some or all states seceding I was met with incredulous derision, no interest in why it may be developing, or how things might go, or how it might be appropriate and beneficial. I assume part of the reason for this is that people typically do not think of the American Independence from the UK as being secession. It is. Here is the definition from Dictionary.com: “to withdraw formally from an alliance, federation, or association, as from a political union, a religious organization, etc.”  To view the Declaration of Independence as being the secession it was, takes a revision of understanding and the willingness to apply the term to one’s own country. Why we even have a major holiday celebrating the secession from the British known as Independence Day! As you can see from the list, secession is common and worldwide, and is not some strange unheard-of offensive event.

And raising the point that in fact the United States is the product of not one, but four secessions is just too shocking for many to even consider. I am not counting the failed secession attempts of 1860-61 here, but 1789 when the 11 states under the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union seceded and set themselves up under the US Constitution from the same, leaving behind only the two states of North Carolina and Rhode Island under the Articles. Yes, these two states later joined in union with the 11 initial seceding states, but that does not change the fact that the 11 states did in fact leave the larger union of the 13 states, that is, seceded! So, we have 4 secessions to create today’s US, 1776, 1789 of 11 states and later that year, North Carolina, and 1790 with Rhode Island. Then came Maine in 1820, the Gadsden Purchase in 1854, West Virginia in 1864, and Alaska in 1867. I lay it out here for clarification:

  1. 13 colonies of the United Kingdom seceded to form the United States in 1776.
  2. 11 states of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union seceded to form the United States under the Constitution in 1789.
  3. 1 state, North Carolina, of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union seceded to join under the Constitution later in 1789.
  4. 1 state, Rhode Island, of the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union seceded to join under the Constitution in 1790.
  5. 1 state, Maine, which was formed out of Massachusetts.
  6.  1 area, The Gadsden Purchase, which was an addition to Arizona and Mexico from Mexico.
  7. 1 part of Virginia, West Virginia, which left Virginia in 1864.
  8. Alaska which was purchased from Russia in 1867.

So, if anything, I am undercounting the number of secessions that took place, as there were 13 in 1776, 11 more in 1789, 1 more later in 1789 and 1 in 1790, plus Maine in 1820, the Gadsden Purchase in 1854, West Virginia in 1864, and Alaska in 1867. So, that is 30 secessions to give us the current United States!

The secessions of 1776 were a reaction against the UK laws including taxation without representation, forced housing of troops, closing of ports, and other such actions spelled out in The Declaration of Independence.

So, what about today? Why are Americans more willing to consider secession today than in past decades? Some of the common complaints are that the FBI and the Justice Department have been corrupted into the enforcement arm of the Deep State investigating and prosecuting its enemies while protecting its allies, federal spending being out of control with unprecedented spending to the tune of trillions each year more than tax collections–despite record tax collections which are then coupled with the apparent plan to destroy the dollar by printing literally trillions more each year, endless wars in the Middle East creating needless enemies, troops in more than 140 countries, trampling of individual rights spelled out in the Bill of Rights, plans for packing the Supreme Court, the embrace of all “woke” demands, etc. etc.

(Be sure to click the link for Brexit for a better understanding of what is happening in Great Britain.)

116 Secessions since the US in 1776

1 United States 1776 United Kingdom 59 Jamaica 1962 United Kingdom
2 11 of the US 1789 Articles of Confederation 60 Uganda 1962 United Kingdom
3 2 of the US 1789-90 Articles of Confederation 61 Rwanda 1962 Belgium
4 Colombia 1810 Spain 62 Burundi 1962 Belgium
5 Venezuela 1811 Spain 63 Trinidad/Tobago 1962 United Kingdom
6 Paraguay 1811 Spain 64 Zanzibar 1963 United Kingdom
7 Andorra 1814 French Empire 65 Sarawak 1963 United Kingdom
8 Monaco 1814 French Empire 66 Zambia 1964 United Kingdom
9 Chile 1818 Spain 67 Malta 1964 United Kingdom
10 Ecuador 1820 Spain 68 Maldives 1965 United Kingdom
11 Maine 1820 Massachusetts 69 Singapore 1965 United Kingdom
12 Peru 1821 Spain 70 The Gambia 1965 United Kingdom
13 Panama 1821 Spain 71 Basutoland 1966 United Kingdom
14 Peru 1821 Spain 72 Barbados 1966 United Kingdom
15 Dominican Republic 1821 Portugal 73 British Guiana 1966 United Kingdom
16 Brazil 1822 Portugal 74 Ceylon 1968 United Kingdom
17 Bolivia 1825 Spain 75 Swaziland 1968 United Kingdom
18 Uruguay 1828 Brazil 76 Nauru 1968 UN Trusteeship
19 Ecuador 1830 Gran Colombia 77 Fiji 1970 United Kingdom
20 Texas 1836 Mexico 78 Aden 1970 United Kingdom
21 Republic of Yucatan 1841 Mexico 79 Bahrain 1971 United Kingdom
22 Dominican Republic 1844 Haiti 80 Qatar 1971 United Kingdom
23 Gadsden Purchase 1854 Mexico 81 Bahamas 1973 United Kingdom
24 West Virginia 1864 Virginia 82 Guinea-Bissau 1973 Portugal
25 Lichtenstein 1866 German Confederation 83 Granada 1974 United Kingdom
26 Cuba 1902 United States 84 Angola 1975 Portugal
27 Panama 1903 Columbia 85 Mozambique 1975 Portugal
28 Norway 1905 Sweden 86 Cape Verde 1975 Portugal
29 Mexico 1911 Spain 87 Tuvalu 1978 United Kingdom
30 Egypt 1922 United Kingdom 88 Southern Rhodesia 1980 United Kingdom
31 Irish Free State 1922 United Kingdom 89 Zimbabwe 1980 United Kingdom
32 Egypt 1922 United Kingdom 90 New Hebrides 1980 United Kingdom
33 Turkey 1923 Ottoman Empire 91 Belize 1981 United Kingdom
34 Vatican City 1929 Italy 92 Canada 1982 United Kingdom
35 Greece 1930 Ottoman Empire 93 Saint Kits and Nevis 1983 United Kingdom
36 South Africa 1931 United Kingdom 94 Brunei 1984 United Kingdom
37 Iraq 1932 United Kingdom 95 Czech Republic 1989 Czechoslovakia
38 Jordan 1946 United Kingdom 96 Slovakia 1989 Czechoslovakia
39 Philippines 1946 United States 97 South West Africa 1990 United Kingdom
40 India 1947 United Kingdom 98 Federal Republic of Germany German Democratic Republic
41 Pakistan 1947 United Kingdom 99 Lithuania 1991 Soviet Union
42 Myanmar 1948 United Kingdom 100 Estonia 1991 Soviet Union
43 Israel 1948 Mandatory Palestine 101 Latvia 1991 Soviet Union
44 People’s Rep of China 1949 Republic of China 102 Armenia 1991 Soviet Union
45 Vietnam 1955 France 103 Azerbaijan 1991 Soviet Union
46 Laos 1955 France 104 Belarus 1991 Soviet Union
47 Cambodia 1955 France 105 Estonia 1991 Soviet Union
48 Sudan 1956 United Kingdom 106 Georgia 1991 Soviet Union
49 Ghana 1957 United Kingdom 107 Kazakhstan 1991 Soviet Union
50 Malaya 1957 United Kingdom 108 Kyrgyzstan 1991 Soviet Union
51 Ghana 1957 United Kingdom 109 Moldova 1991 Soviet Union
52 Nigeria 1960 United Kingdom 110 Tajikistan 1991 Soviet Union
53 Mauritania 1960 United Kingdom 111 Turkmenistan 1991 Soviet Union
54 Sierra Leone 1961 United Kingdom 112 Ukraine 1991 Soviet Union
55 Malta 1961 United Kingdom 113 Uzbekistan 1991 Soviet Union
56 Tanganyika 1961 United Kingdom 114 Eritrea 1991 Ethiopia
57 Kuwait 1961 United Kingdom 115 South Sudan 2011 Sudan
58 Algeria 1962 France 116 Brexit (still in progress) European Union

 

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